What effect did the Seven Years’ War and Battle of the Plains of Abraham have on Canadians?
Why is this an important and significant question to ask about the past?
It’s important to know more about the Seven Years’ War and the Battle of the Plains of Abraham because it was a pivotal moment which decided Canada’s future. It also established the British hegemony in North America, which lead to many other events such as the American Revolution.
This event is also very important because it influenced Canada’s creation and identity, especially within Quebec where the Francophones reside. Though New France was given to the British, the Francophones were permitted to stay. This lead to a majority of those living in Quebec speaking French, and Canada becoming a bilingual country.
Why did your researched events happen the way they did and what were the consequences?
Great Britain ended up winning in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham because of the actions of General Wolfe, and how he told the men to hold their fire at first. However, though the British occupied Quebec, their position was not secure. This lead to the Battle of Sainte-Foy, where positions were reversed, and the British were forced to retreat. The British and the French reached a stalemate, then British reinforcements arrived and the French were forced to surrender Montreal.
Is what happened right and fair by the values and standards of the time? How about from our current values and standards? Explain.
What happened at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham was fair by the standards of the time. Both Britain and France were seeking to conquer new land and monetary gain for themselves, which was normal. This culminated in a battle between these two powers, in which the British emerged triumphant.
However, by our current values and standards, the expansion of these European powers cannot be considered just. The British evicted Acadians living in the present day Maritime provinces and while New France was built on top of land which indigenous people had already been living on for thousands of years. In our modern day world, this would not be acceptable.
What conclusions can you reach about your question, based on the research you conducted?
The Seven Years’ War, particularly the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, had a huge effect on Canadian history. It serves as the basis to the modern day bilingual Canada, as both French and English are spoken in the country, particularly in the province of Quebec. It affected Francophones living in Quebec in the 1760s the most, as their land was taken over by the British. The French ceded their possessions to the British with the Treaty of Paris in 1763, though the French Canadians were given freedom of worship and were allowed to emigrate if they so wished.