Is Trudeau Currently Positioned to be Laurier’s Successsor?

A T-Chart showing where Trudeau and Laurier’s policies dovetail and where they differ!


Liberal.Ca, 2018, Accessed 5 June 2018.

“Canadian Federal Election, 1896”. En.Wikipedia.Org, 2018,,_1896. Accessed 5 June 2018.

“Canadian Federal Election, 2015”. En.Wikipedia.Org, 2018,,_2015. Accessed 5 June 2018.

“Justin Trudeau”. En.Wikipedia.Org, 2018, Accessed 5 June 2018.

“Sir Wilfrid Laurier – Canada’s 7Th Prime Minister – Library And Archives Canada”. Bac-Lac.Gc.Ca, 2018, Accessed 5 June 2018.

“Trudeaumeter”. Trudeaumetre.Polimeter.Org, 2018, Accessed 5 June 2018.

“Wilfrid Laurier”. En.Wikipedia.Org, 2018, Accessed 5 June 2018.

“Winners And Losers From First Federal Liberal Budget”. CP24, 2018, Accessed 5 June 2018.

Bélanger, Réal. “Sir Wilfrid Laurier”. The Canadian Encyclopedia, 2018, Accessed 5 June 2018.

E Pluribus Unum (Confederation DOL)

Confederation is nigh, and it seems almost inevitable to many, especially those in Canada West. Though we in New Brunswick initially fought against confederating and amalgamating into the Dominion of Canada, there have been recent happenings that make us consider otherwise. Perhaps confederation is the solution to all of our problems.

After the Fenian raids, many of us feared for our security. The Irish attack opened our eyes to the dangers that were present in our world. They attacked Campobello Island, and though they were unsuccessful, New Brunswick borders America. The United States, joined once again by the mystic chords of memory, could invade at any given moment. Many of them believe in Manifest Destiny, which could be catastrophic for New Brunswick. We need the protection and security from other colonies to help us.

Though our trade was flourishing, it has weakened due to the loss of the Reciprocity Treaty between New Brunswick and the United States of America. Though the loss of the treaty may be small for the Americans, it has a huge impact on our colonies, as our trade grew by 33%. With the loss of our main trading partner, it seems as though we must turn to the other colonies for help in this matter.

Furthermore, with the advent of the national railroad, it could be possible that trade could proliferate between New Brunswick and the other colonies, and our trade could be recouped. Great Britain has promised to help with the costs of building the railway and give us a 10-year allowance for this project. It will also give us access to a wider market of goods, which is a benefit to both us and the other colonies.

In the end, it seems as though confederation would be the only viable solution in this hopeless situation. The outcome may be exactly what John A. Macdonald wants; Ottawa will have strong central power. However, considering the dangerous situation we’ve been put in, it seems as though we must accept the wishes of those in Canada West and East and become one country with a centralized government.

Master of the Contemporary Short Story – Alice Munro

“When Patrick visits Rose’s family I see my father sitting at the kitchen table at my mother’s house at the end of Lowertown Road in Wingham and seeing the plastic swan with the paper napkins in it and my mother being ashamed on more levels than she can count. When Rose visits Patrick’s family I see my grandparent’s massive dining-room table in Oakville and feel the weight of the heavy silverware, just as Rose does, and I pass judgment in them as if this is the way they really were.”


This quote is very interesting as it reveals how Alice Munro’s story “The Beggar Maid” is actually a reflection of her own life and marriage. To me, this really means something, as every artist’s work somewhat represents themselves. There is no separating the art from the artist. Munro’s “rags to riches” story is almost similar to that of Cinderella as well. It also reveals the divide between the poor and the rich Canadians, and the differences in the quality of their lives.


“He came to visit her once, in North Vancouver. He described being greeted at the door by a ‘smashingly beautiful’ woman with a baby in her arms. She invited him in and since she didn’t have any alcohol in the house, and believed that people in literary circles had to be offered a drink, she didn’t offer him anything at all. Finally, in a parched voice, he asked for a drink of water.”


Editor Robert Weaver comes to visit Alice Munro at her home. This quote reminds me of a particular scene in John Green’s highly acclaimed novel “The Fault in Our Stars” in which Hazel and Augustus go to visit the author Peter Van Houten and he offers them a drink despite their age. When I read this passage, I thought it was quirky and that this particular idiosyncrasy was interesting. This passage reveals how editors and authors in Canada interacted before the digital age, and the assumptions that the young Alice Munro made.


“Women writers at the time had to keep their writing an undercover, clandestine operation and pretend that home and family and housework were the only important things in their lives.”


Especially in a strong patriarchal society dominated by white men, women were expected to be meek and look after the home. This ties in to Jane Eyre’s author, Charlotte Bronte, who first published her works under the pen name Currer Bell. Her sisters also had corresponding pen names: Emily was Ellis Bell and Anne was Acton Bell. These names they picked were distinctly Christian male names, which ties into Munro’s experience of having to hide her profession from those around her. However, Canadians at the time were becoming more tolerant of women in the workplace, as Munro was actually making a lot of money from her short stories. Despite that, she still felt the need to hide the fact that she was an author from her neighbours, tucking away notebooks as if she had been doing nothing more important than writing up a shopping list.


“[It is] important to argue, at least with your husband, to resist going under. You had to prove you weren’t intellectually inferior, because all the popular Freudian psychology was saying that you were, that women were biologically incapable of logical or abstract thinking. I’m reminded of the episode in Lives of Girls and Women were Del has read an article about how men look at the sky and think of the universe, while women look at the sky and think, ‘I have to wash my hair.'”


Despite the fact that Munro and her husband agreed on many practical things, the couple fought over philosophical and political matters. Feminism was prominent in the mid-twentieth century, men were still dominant. I think that this issue is especially important considering that Munro is a female author who has to assert herself in her own household. Though women had the right to vote in Canada already, they were still seen as inferior both in thought and abilities. It reveals the difference between Canadian ideas of woman then versus now. It emphasizes Trudeau’s progressive views towards those who identify as female, in comparison to the views of the past.


“When her in-laws came out to visit from Oakville in the summer of 1958, one of several trips they made to the coast, she put aside her writing in order to entertain them, and it got to the point where she was almost frantic with frustration, afraid she would never write again. After that summer her identity as a writer came close to a collapse. Often she would sit down at her typewriter and not be able to write more than a sentence or two; she’d spend the rest of the day in a morose state of inactivity.”


Alice Munro had a sense of duty as a Laidlaw to entertain guests and hide her writing from those outside her immediate family. However, in doing so, she lost her identity as an author and fell into a writer’s block. Eventually she developed a strange anxiety where she thought she wasn’t able to breathe. I think that when an artist loses their inspiration, their muse, it can be really damaging to their sense of self, and this is what happened to Munro. As Canadians, we often have a strong of filial duty and take good care of our parents, whether they be blood-related or not. I think this applies to current Canadian values as well, and filial piety is still prominent.


Theme: To establish one’s identity, one must assert themselves intellectually and distinguish themselves from the status quo.



The End Justifies the Means


Mr. Morris


17 April 2018

The recent removal of Confederate statues in America have sparked controversy and a far-right wing riot in Charlottesville lead to extreme consequences of riots and millions of dollars of damage. Similarly, in Canada, the controversial debate of whether statues of the first Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald’s removal should be undertaken from the public has arisen. Known as a Father of Confederation by many Canadians, yet others view him as an architect of genocide. Yet due to his contributions to nation-building and progressive qualities considering his time period, Macdonald’s name and likeness should remain in public institutions and he should be remembered for his actions.
John A. Macdonald was both a great nation-builder and statesman. In order to achieve his dream of uniting Canada from coast to coast, he “worked steadily at completing the assembling of almost the whole of what is now Canada, adding the vast lands of the Hudson’s Bay Company, Rupert’s Land and the Northwestern Territory, in 1870, British Columbia in 1871, Prince Edward Island in 1873 and, finally, arranging the transfer to Canada by Britain of its huge foothold and claim” (Symons). In his lifetime, Macdonald managed to create the world’s second-largest nation by land mass. Not only that, but he brought together a collection of nations under his government. However, his task became even more difficult as he hoped to reconcile the English and the French-speaking communities of Canada. Macdonald once said, “I have no accord with the desire expressed in some quarters that by any mode whatever there should be an attempt made to oppress the one language or to render it inferior to the other” (Symons). He spoke out against those who intended to restrict the use of French or altogether eliminate it. Despite the cultural differences in this new nation, John A. Macdonald fiercely defended and maintained the view that Canada could have two official languages. Macdonald’s work as the first Prime Minister created a bilingual Canada and ensured his legacy as a statesman.
In spite of John A. Macdonald’s contributions to Canadian confederacy, criticism has arose for his discriminatory policies against Indigenous peoples, and how this reflects negatively on current Canadian values. However, Macdonald did extend a hand to the Indigenous communities and provide help to them. At the time, Macdonald commented that his government had “done all [they] could to put [the Indigenous] on themselves; [they had] done all [they] could to make them work as agriculturists; [they had] done all [they] could, by the supply of cattle, agricultural implements and instruction, to change them from a nomadic to an agricultural life. [They] had very considerable success; [they] had infinitely more success during [their] short period, than the United States […] had during twenty-five years” (Macdonald 1885). Agriculturalism is traditionally a mark of a more advanced society, and also provides a more reliable food source for the Indigenous peoples as well as technological advances. At the time this would have been more than fair, considering how other colonists at the time felt about non-white Canadians, and the natives’ way of living. With these factors in mind, Macdonald was particularly tolerant for his time period and did all that he could under his circumstances.
Macdonald united Canada from coast to coast, but recent claims of racism and Indigenous genocide have prompted people to call for his removal from the public sphere. However, his creation of a new nation and progressiveness for his era make him a figure worth remembering and honouring for decades to come. His dream of a nation bordered by three oceans blue, lives on as an extension of his legacy.

the significance of your name.

What is the story of ­­­­your name. (a novel)?

This book is a secondary source, and it was written by Makoto Shinkai in 2016 as a novelization of his animated film. It was released June 18, 2016 by the Kadokawa corporation one month prior to the film’s release. The English release was licensed in May 2017. I received the book in September 2017 and wrote my independent novel study on it.

This source was very obviously influenced by the film of the same name, and the novel only adds to the experience. It gives deeper insight into the two protagonists’ wants and fears. As Makoto Shinkai was writing this book, he was also greatly influenced by the movie’s score composed by the band RADWIMPS. Originally, he thought that your name. worked best in animated form, but while listening to the soundtrack he found himself wanting to write it. He wrote the book both at home and in the production studio, which could have affected the way he wrote it.

This source is something which has changed my life greatly. The beautiful yet simplistic writing style perfectly complements the movie and the soundtrack can be heard as you’re flipping through the pages. Although the stunning visuals of the movie have been critically acclaimed, I find myself coming time and time again to the novel form, revisiting my favourite scenes on paper. I think it’s a very fantastic story of two people desperately reaching for each other in a huge world.

Makoto Shinkai has written many stories with the same theme of boys and girls passing by each other in beautiful worlds, and your name. is no different. With this experience, he was able to create something with a similar theme yet completely unique storyline. Alongside his production team, they made a movie which was targeted towards teen audiences in Japan, though it ended up becoming widely acclaimed in many countries around the world. Knowing his audience well, Shinkai took a heartachingly beautiful story and adapted it to film and as a novel.

From examining this source, it is apparent that I have a keen interest in your name. It may also be inferred that I enjoy Japanese culture. It also shows the difference between how modern Tokyo is as compared to the countryside that the deuteragonist lives in. I think it extends what I know about Japan and life there, as well as what I know about the two main characters. It still leaves a lot to be desired, such as what really happened after the book and what happened to the secondary characters. If I ever got the chance, I would love to ask Shinkai what happens after the ending, though I know it’s already the perfect ending to this novel.


What’s in a name? That which we call a rose/ By any other word would smell as sweet.


Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau

To whomever it may concern:

I am Jean-Jacques Rousseau. You may have heard of The Social Contract, or Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men. “Man is born free but he is everywhere in chains.” As you all know, everything is a remix. I was greatly inspired by the philosophers directly preceding me like Locke, Montesquieu, and Hobbes though I was never really formally educated.

In The Social Contract, I wrote about a social contract (unsurprisingly) that was agreed upon by all citizens for the general good. This group of citizens is the “sovereign,” and in many ways it is like an individual person. Each person has their own particular will for their own good but overall the sovereign expresses the general will to aim for the common good. However the sovereign only has power over public concerns, but this authority is absolute. In fact, I would recommend death penalty to those who fail to follow the the social contract.

The sovereign takes care of the legislative aspect, but a government is still required to exercise their executive power over the people. Many different forms of government exist but they can be divided into monarchy, democracy, and aristocracy depending on the government’s size. Monarchy is the strongest form of government especially suited to large populations and hotter climates. While different states are suited for different forms of government, I believe aristocracy is the most stable.

Though my ideas are brilliant, there are two ends of the Rousseau spectrum. On the one hand you have people like Robespierre who end up killing thousands of people. On the other hand you have Voltaire and Diderot, my formerly good friends who I’ve had a falling out with. I influenced a lot of pro-revolutionaries to take action but there were still many harsh critiques of my work. However I am glad that this under-educated orphans ideas could reach so many peoples ears.

Midterm outline

More than half of socials has passed, and I can’t believe it! I’m going to miss the class so much next semester. Anyways, I’ve set up my outline rather straightforwardly so I’ll just put it here.

Collective identity is constructed and can change over time

-How Columbus’ image has changed over time (discriminatory policies)

-Martin Luther and the English

-Cromwell’s development as the British’s ruler

Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events

-Donald Trump is a Republican with very conservative views that managed to get elected. He has interesting theories such as global warming being a “Chinese hoax.”

-Luther with his idea of Protestantism

-Columbus forced the Arawak to submit to his Eurocentric ways

Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between societies

– the Arawak were enslaved by Columbus because the Europeans had stronger weapons than them (imperialism and colonialism)

-Cromwell took became Lord Protector, scales were tipped, had more power than any other ruler

-Charles I used the divine right of kings to his advantage and took power away from the parliament.



Curricular Competencies

Stars- Evidence (in the wheels of evolution)

Stars-continuity and change (Columbus

Stars-cause and consequence (Columbus, also throughout eminent)


I wish I put more emphasis on important things

Wishes-ethical judgement

I wish I had used ethical judgement more when analyzing information

Wishes-inquiry process

I wish I asked more questions and sought out answers to those questions

Interviews: Michelle’s Misadventures

I was pretty ambitious, and tried to directly contact Mr. Bateman via his commission inquiry email on my first attempt. But what I didn’t know was that his assistant responded the day that I sent the email! Somehow it got lost in my inbox and I only saw it today. I wish I had seen it earlier; she gave me some excellent information! But unfortunately we’ve already finished our speeches. Hopefully I can put some of the information to use in my learning center. This was the email I sent to him.

Dear Mr. Bateman,
I apologize for contacting you via your commission email but I could not find any other means to contact you. My name is Michelle and I am a student in the TALONS program. In our program, we have something called an Eminent Person Study, in which we select a person of our choice and also conduct an interview. I admire your work greatly, and would be truly honoured to conduct a brief interview to ask you a few questions. I would like to know about how and why you decided to become an artist, other career paths you have considered, and what made you who you are as an artist among many other questions. I would really appreciate it if you could respond as soon as possible.
*General gist of email.
Apparently his assistant Kate Brotchie saw the email, and apologized saying that Mr. Bateman was quite well booked so she answered the questions I had left in the email shown above.
He says that all little kids like art and nature but by age 12 they usually move on to other interests. He did not. After school, he’d come home and do art – the family sunroom was his studio in those school days. He was a teacher of geography and art until he was 46 years old and when he realized he had more income from art than teaching, switched to full-time art. He still loves teaching and will be at Robert Bateman Secondary School later this month. If he hadn’t become a painter, he would have considered being a landscape architect; he and his gardens were the subject of one episode of “Recreating Eden”.
He says that members of his generation are the aristocrats of time and place. He was born in 1930 and by the time he hit his mature period in the late 1960’s, people had more disposable income than in earlier times. The apex of his career was likely the sell-out show at the Smithsonian in 1987. His early books sold over a million copies. Now there is a lot more artists and more competition so that sort of success isn’t likely to be repeated.
Besides this, I also interviewed an artist that my mom’s friend knew, Min Ma. This interview had to be conducted in Mandarin via the phone so my mom helped out. I took down some notes on the conversation but of course it wasn’t word for word. Here is a link to that google doc if you want to look at that:
Overall, I did better than I expected since I actually got a response from the email I sent. My biggest regret was not finding the email earlier. Despite the title, I’d call this a success.

gif courtesy of

Annotated Biblography

These are the resources I used during our Eminent person study:

Robert Bateman’s Wikipedia page

I used Wikipedia as the baseline for the project even though it’s frowned upon. Not the most useful resource, but still a good place to start.

Robert Bateman’s website

Obviously, the first place I checked after Wikipedia was Robert Bateman’s website. It’s a little bit outdated, but I did get a lot of information from it seeing as it has several different pages on Bateman, some talking about his awards and achievements and some where he discussed painting. It was probably the most useful resource as well.

Thinking like a Mountain

A small book containing a collection of short writings and a few sketches by Robert Bateman. Some of them are anecdotes from his childhood, others are observations on the natural world and human life. Definitely helpful, as I got to learn about Robert Bateman’s thoughts.

Robert Bateman Birds – Hardcover

I decided to write the first speech draft based loosely around the experiences he described in this book. Other than those short snippets, this was definitely fun to flip through and admire Bateman’s art. It was mostly paintings but there were a few short pieces written by Bateman and some sketches. It was somewhat useful for the first draft of my speech but I ended up scrapping that one anyway.


I looked at the page introducing Robert Bateman. While short, it summed up Bateman quite nicely, talking about his purpose and hopes for future generations. It talked a bit about his Life Sketches tour as well. This was where I got the idea to talk about his message in my speech, so I guess it was slightly useful.

Bateman: New Works

This book, published in 2010, contains an artist’s statement and a short biography on Bateman as well as all the art pieces. Again, mostly art but still has a few short pieces interspersed. It was’t the first book I read, but the “About Robert Bateman” section at the start was pretty helpful.

So this is a website that sells art from world renowned artists. Unsurprisingly, Bateman’s art is on there, and some of his prints were being sold. It has a short description of Bateman and some of his art pieces, so I was using this website to find the titles of pieces I didn’t know the names of. It wasn’t that useful, I just used it for some minor details.




Night of the Notables: Until next year…

Wednesday November 16, I got to experience my first ever Night of the Notables. Honestly, it’s not like anything I’ve ever done in school before. For example, the sheer exhaustion of staying at school for about 14 hours. But at the same time, I’ve never seen anything on this scale. The genuine effort everyone put into their Learning Centers and research on their Eminent people was amazing.

Honestly, the time we had together felt really short. One second, the tens were delivering their fantastic speeches and the next an announcement over the speaker was telling us we only had ten minutes left. I got to meet a lot of cool people while everyone was looking at our learning centers. In fact, one person told me that they were best friends with Robert Bateman’s son when they lived in Ontario. Mrs. Quach, the jumpstART teacher, also chatted with me for a few minutes. I was glad to see that a lot of the people I met knew my Eminent person.

As memorable a night this was, a few moments really stuck out to me. Besides the tens speeches, and that amazing bow at the end, I remember a lot about the people I met at my learning center. Besides meeting someone who personally knew Robert Bateman, I remember the alumni coming, drilling me on questions which I answered to the best of my ability and complimenting my art. I was nervous at first, but as more and more people came, I was more confident and talked longer with each person.

I’d like to thank Phia, Deon, Maeve and Renee for being in the “artists corner” with me. Also thanks to Phia for bringing in the easel and Deon for bringing in the dollar store acrylics. It was really fun being around others with Eminent people in a similar field and it worked out pretty well. Thank you to all of the teachers for making the whole thing possible; without you guys we would have been terribly lost.

static image of my learning center taken with Deon's phone

images of my learning center taken with Deon’s phone


link to my learning center in action (exceeded upload size): https://r4—,expire,id,ip,ipbits,itag,lmt,mime,mm,mn,ms,mv,nh,pl,requiressl,sc,source&signature=1B6270DBF17BAEB21DB37509310A5AD10005BE4B.3B10D2E91D19F6CCDA0F214765D20C46FAE91F21&key=cms1&redirect_counter=1&cm2rm=sn-nx5e77s&req_id=ff79f477876a3ee&cms_redirect=yes&mm=34&mn=sn-vgqskn7l&ms=ltu&mt=1479699050&mv=m&nh=IgpwcjAxLnNlYTAzKgkxMjcuMC4wLjE

Sorry for all the backgroud noise; you probably can’t tell what I was trying to say. But basically I was just going through my learning center. I feel like this was a fun learning center to do because I got to draw a lot, which was technically one of my IEP goals; furthering my interest in art. I actually started painting a Bateman piece, not exatly as followup, but just because I like painting. I guess I met my goal in that sense, but I feel like I could’ve worked more on the presentation of my learning center. I focused more on all the technical aspects, such as filming the time-lapsed video of me drawing a bi

I’m not that happy with how I did on the speech either, but I have an entire year to improve on my public speaking skills and do better next year. Overall, I met most of my goals and this was really fun! Now I know what to expect so I’ll probably spend the summer working on it.

door close gif courtesy of